Number of railway archive images - 1818

These pages show a selection of Archive images from the extensive collection of photographs and documents held by ASHFORD MUSEUM.
Images are displayed in two main categories - 'Infrastructure' and 'Locomotives'. These in turn are divided into sub categories to aid searching for specific images.
Access to the various categories is via the 'Select Category' buttons above.
Below is a brief description of each category and (in brackets) the number of images available in each.


      ASHFORD WORKS    ( 259 )

The railway works came to Ashford in 1847 and grew to be the 3rd largest in the UK. From 600 employees in 1851 numbers increased rapidly to over 1300 by 1882 and, at its height, to almost one third of the town's population.
The works finally closed in 1993.

* Includes exterior and interior views of the site as well as images of significant 'events' held at the works .


A collection of pictures showing current, disused and demolished Kent railway stations.
Included are a number of images depicting the past Channel port stations of Ramsgate Harbour, Folkestone Harbour and the extensive complex of Dover Marine/Western Docks.

* Also includes any relevant station approaches, works, yards and signals.


Pictures showing SR railway stations not in Kent.
Covering the SR Region from South London and along the South Coast to Cornwall.

* Includes relevant station approaches, works, yards and signals.


      SOUTHERN RAILWAY      ( 723 )

The Southern Railway (SR) was established in the 1923 Grouping. It linked London with the Channel ports, South West England, South coast resorts and Kent.
Unlike the other 'Big Four', its revenue came mainly from passenger traffic rather than freight.
* Includes locomotives of 'South Eastern & Chatham Rly','London Brighton & South Coast Rly' and 'London & South Western Rly'.


The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS),established in the 1923 Grouping, became the world's largest transport organisation and commercial enterprise in the British Empire.
Also the largest of the 'Big Four' companies it served routes in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
* Includes locomotives of 'North Staffordshire Rly', 'London Tilbury & Southend Rly',' Caledonian Rly', 'Furness Rly', 'Highland Rly', 'Midland Rly', 'London & Birmingham Rly' and 'Lancashire & Yorkshire Rly'.


The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) was the second largest of the 'Big Four' companies. It operated from 1 January 1923 until nationalisation on 1 January 1948.
At that time, it was divided into the new BRs' Eastern Region, North Eastern Region, Scottish Region (part).
* Includes locomotives of 'Great Eastern Rly', 'Great Northern Rly', 'Great Central Rly', 'North Eastern Rly', 'Hull & Barnsley Rly' and 'North British Rly'.

      GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY    ( 119 )

The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company that linked London with the south-west and west of England, the Midlands, and most of Wales.
It was founded in 1833, received its enabling Act of Parliament on 31 August 1835 and ran its first trains in 1838.

* Includes locomotives of 'Cambrian Rly' and other absorbed companies.

      BRITISH RAILWAYS    ( 150 )

British Railways, known from the 1960s simply as British Rail, operated most of Britain's trains from 1948 to 1997.

It was formed from the nationalisation of the "Big Four" UK railway companies - LNER, LMS, GWR and SR - and became an independent statutory corporation in 1962 until its privatisation in the 1990s.

      ISLE OF WIGHT RAILWAYS    ( 14 )

There once existed over 50 miles of railway lines on the Isle of Wight. They were opened by several companies between 1862 and 1901, and all but the 8.5 mile-long Island Line closed between 1952 and 1966.
A further 5.5 miles have since reopened as the Isle of Wight Steam Railway.
* Includes locomotives of the 'Big Four' and other companies that have operated on the island.

      MINOR RAILWAYS    ( 27 )

A "Minor Railway" is a Standard Gauge Railway, Narrow Gauge Railway, Miniature Railway, Tramway or Cliff Railway - not part of the national railway network.
The range of such railways is enormous - from the Severn Valley and the Ffestiniog railways, to privately owned and industrial lines. There are currently over 500 of them in the UK.


During WW1 the Railway Operating Division of the Royal Engineers requisitioned about 600 locomotives from UK railway companies and most were shipped to France to be used as military supply and troop trains.
After the war many of the Locomotives were returned to the UK and sold to railway companies to cover goods traffic.

* Includes WW2 Government Department locomotives.